Any puncture wound has potential for infect and the transmition of diseases so most of the process focuses on the safety of the tattooist and the clients.
To eliminate the possibility of contamination, majority of the materials used in tattoos are disposable and single use only, including:
* Ink cups
Most single-use items arrive in sterile packaging, which the artist will open in front of the customer.
Reusable materials (the needle bar and tube) are sterilized before every use!
The only acceptable sterilization method is an autoclave (a heat/steam/pressure unit often used in hospitals and dental clinics) they kill every organism on the equipment.
Before working on customers, tattoo artists wash and inspect their hands for cuts and abrasions and put clean gloves on. Then they do the following:
•Disinfect the work area with an EPA-approved viricide.
•Place plastic bags on spray bottles to prevent cross-contamination.
•Remove all equipment from sterile packaging in front of the client.
•Shave and disinfect (with a mixture of water and antiseptic soap) the area to be tattooed.
They will then dispose of the gloves used to set up, and put a fresh set on before commencing work.